Computer Networking.

  Over a period of time, computers have become an indispensable part of businesses. Installation of computers, their support, and maintenance are services all organizations require. As businesses grow, the number of computers in the organization also increases. It becomes imperative to establish a systematic way to connect these computers so that they function in a hassle-free manner. 

  Therefore, computers are interconnected in various ways. This is the concept of a computer network.

What is computer networking?

How computer Networking has helped a lot.

  A computer network is a group of computers that use a set of common communication protocols over digital interconnections for the purpose of sharing resources located on or provided by the network nodes.

   In a simple term, a computer network is a system in which multiple computers are connected to each other to share information and resources.

Computer networking has helped improve communications all around the world, improved business, and makes a lot of things easier to do.

 How it works 

Network Cables

Network cables are used to connect computers. The most commonly used cable is Category 5 cable RJ-45.


A computer can be connected to another one via a serial port but if we need to connect many computers to produce a network, this serial connection will not work.

The solution is to use a central body to which other computers, printers, scanners, etc. can be connected, and then this body will manage or distribute network traffic.


A router is a type of device which acts as the central point among computers and other devices that are a part of the network. It is equipped with holes called ports. Computers and other devices are connected to a router using network cables. Nowadays router comes in wireless modes using which computers can be connected without any physical cable.

Network Card

The network card is a necessary component of a computer without which a computer cannot be connected over a network. It is also known as the network adapter or Network Interface Card (NIC). Most branded computers have network cards pre-installed. Network cards are of two types: Internal and External Network Cards.

Internal Network Cards

The motherboard has a slot for an internal network card where it is to be inserted. Internal network cards are of two types in which the first type uses Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) connection, while the second type uses Industry Standard Architecture (ISA). Network cables are required to provide network access.

External Network Cards

External network cards are of two types: Wireless and USB-based. A wireless network card needs to be inserted into the motherboard, however, no network cable is required to connect to the network.

Universal Serial Bus (USB)

The USB card is easy to use and connects via a USB port. Computers automatically detect USB cards and can install the drivers required to support the USB network card automatically.

Importance of Computer Networking

provides the best way of business communication.

Streamline communication.

Cost-effective resource sharing.

Improving storage efficiency and volume.

Cut costs on software.

Cut costs on hardware.

Utilizes Centralized Database.

Increase inefficiency.

Optimize convenience and flexibility.

Allows File sharing.

sharing of peripherals and internet access.

Network gaming

Media Center Server.

Centralize network administration and IT support.


Allowing information sharing.

user communication.

Overcoming geographic separation.

supporting distributed processing.

Boost storage capacity and volume

Optimize convenience and flexibility

Streamline communication

Cutbacks on costs.

Several computer network companies provide the services of installation, maintenance, and support services ensuring smooth and streamlined functioning of your business.

 Talosmart is an information technology company based in Lagos Nigeria that provides I.T services. We provide web design, web development, mobile application, and software development as well. To know more visit here 


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